Micke Grove Zoo

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Kenyan Sand Boa
Gongylophis colubrinus

  • Habitat: Semi-arid environments to scrub savannah
  • Range: Egypt, Niger, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, and northern Tanzania
  • Natural Diet: Small mammals
  • Status in the Wild: Not evaluated


Fun Facts

  • Kenyan sand boas can get as long as 3 feet.

  •  They are short, heavy-bodied snakes with a blunt head and a small tail.

  • Their body coloring varies from yellow to orange with dull blotches. They are known to have several morphs.

  • They spend a considerable proportion of their time buried in the sand or under rocks to cool themselves on hot days, and to hide from predators.

  • They are ambush predators. They hide under the sand and lie in wait for their prey then pounce and pull their prey under the sand to suffocate them.

  • Females give birth to live young of 10 to 20 per nest.



Conservation Threats

  • The major threats are habitat loss mostly by human encroachment.
  • Kenyan sand boas are also caught for pet trade



Kenyan Sand Boa The Kenyan sand boa spends a considerable proportion of time buried in the soil

They have tapering heads with their eyes positioned almost on top of their heads to give them a perfect view of what is above them when they are buried in the soil


Map Distributional range in Africa